Breast and Axillary Examination Benchmarks. Preparation and Positioning: • This is a potentially sensitive part of the physical examination. • Be mindful of patient modesty and draping. o Explain what you will be doing both before you begin the axillary and breast exam and as you move through the exam . An extension of breast tissue from the upper outer quadrant extends into the axilla (axillary tail). The breast has subcutaneous and submammary lymphatic plexuses that drain mainly to the axillary lymph nodes.
Drag up for fullscreen. Observing the breasts while the patient sits up may increase your ability to detect asymmetry or other surface abnormalities, particularly if the person has large breasts. Palpation of the Breast and Axilla: The goal of this exam is to examine the breast in a systematic fashion, such that all of the tissue is palpated. 3 methods are described below.
The Breasts and Axillae CHAPTER8 CHAPTER 8 THE BREASTS AND AXILLAE An axillary tail of breast tissue extends toward the anterior axillary fold. Alternatively, the breast examination, makes the nipple smaller, ﬁrmer, and more erect, while the areola puckers and wrinkles. b. position the client in the supine position for palpation of the breasts c. palpate the lymph nodes in the axillary region d. palpate extensively in the Tail of Spence area since this is where most breast cancers occur in males e. ask about a family history of testicular cancer since testicular and breast cancer are related conditions.